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搭建 Qt5.1.1 + VS2010 集成开发环境及 Qt 静态库的编译方法

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发表于 2024-2-27 17:17:42 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

1、下载 Qt SDK(Software Development Kit,即软件开发工具包)的安装包:Qt 5.1.1 for Windows 32-bit (VS 2010, 505 MB)

http://download.qt-project.org/official_releases/qt/5.1/5.1.1/qt-windows-opensource-5.1.1-msvc2010-x86-offline.exe

该安装包中包含了 Qt Creator 2.8.1,使用的是官方编译好的动态库。

2、下载 VS2010 的 Qt 插件:Visual Studio Add-in 1.2.2 for Qt5

http://download.qt-project.org/official_releases/vsaddin/qt-vs-addin-1.2.2-opensource.exe

3、在 VS2010 中配置 Qt

3.1 选择 Qt 库:

3.2 打开一个 Demo 编译一下看看:

很炫的效果。

4、编译静态库

用动态库编译发布的软件需要打包一系列的 DLL 才能在没有 Qt 环境的电脑上运行,有时候会显得很麻烦,希望能够生成一个单文件的 exe 程序。这时就需要静态编译了,相应地需要静态库的支持。通过配置编译 Qt 的源代码来产生静态库:

4.1 下载 qt-everywhere-opensource-src-5.1.1

http://download.qt-project.org/official_releases/qt/5.1/5.1.1/single/qt-everywhere-opensource-src-5.1.1.zip

4.2 将源代码解压到非中文目录 D:\qt-everywhere-opensource-src-5.1.1\(举例)

4.3 编译配置

4.3.1 修改 qtbase\mkspecs\win32-msvc2012\qmake.conf 文件,将:

QMAKE_CFLAGS_RELEASE = -O2 -MD
QMAKE_CFLAGS_RELEASE_WITH_DEBUGINFO += -O2 -MD -Zi
QMAKE_CFLAGS_DEBUG = -Zi -MDd

改为:

QMAKE_CFLAGS_RELEASE = -O2 -MT
QMAKE_CFLAGS_RELEASE_WITH_DEBUGINFO += -O2 -MT -Zi
QMAKE_CFLAGS_DEBUG = -Zi -MTd  

这样对于对 VC 的链接库也将静态编译。

4.3.2 在 Visual Studio 命令提示界面进入源码的 qtbase 目录

4.3.3 运行 configure 进行配置,配置包含 odbc、sqlite,跳过 webkit

cd D:\qt-everywhere-opensource-src-5.1.1\qtbase

configure  -prefix  C:\Qt\Qt5.1.1\5.1.1\msvc2010-static -confirm-license -opensource -platform win32-msvc2010 -debug-and-release -static -qt-sql-sqlite -qt-sql-odbc -plugin-sql-sqlite -plugin-sql-odbc -qt-zlib -qt-libpng -qt-libjpeg -opengl desktop -qt-freetype -no-qml-debug -no-angle -nomake tests -nomake examples -skip qtwebkit

Usage: configure [options]
Installation options:
These are optional, but you may specify install directories.
    -prefix <dir> ...... This will install everything relative to <dir>
                         (default $QT_INSTALL_PREFIX)
    -hostprefix [dir] .. Tools and libraries needed when developing
                         applications are installed in [dir]. If [dir] is not
                         given, the current build directory will be used.
                         (default PREFIX)
You may use these to separate different parts of the install:
    -bindir <dir> ...... User executables will be installed to <dir>
                         (default PREFIX/bin)
    -libdir <dir> ...... Libraries will be installed to <dir>
                         (default PREFIX/lib)
    -headerdir <dir> ... Headers will be installed to <dir>
                         (default PREFIX/include)
    -archdatadir <dir> . Architecture-dependent data used by Qt will be
                         installed to <dir>
                         (default PREFIX)
    -libexecdir <dir> .. Program executables will be installed to <dir>
                         (default ARCHDATADIR/bin)
    -plugindir <dir> ... Plugins will be installed to <dir>
                         (default ARCHDATADIR/plugins)
    -importdir <dir> ... Imports for QML1 will be installed to <dir>
                         (default ARCHDATADIR/imports)
    -qmldir <dir> ...... Imports for QML2 will be installed to <dir>
                         (default ARCHDATADIR/qml)
    -datadir <dir> ..... Data used by Qt programs will be installed to <dir>
                         (default PREFIX)
    -docdir <dir> ...... Documentation will be installed to <dir>
                         (default DATADIR/doc)
    -translationdir <dir> Translations of Qt programs will be installed to
                          <dir>
                          (default DATADIR/translations)
    -examplesdir <dir> . Examples will be installed to <dir>
                         (default PREFIX/examples)
    -testsdir <dir> .... Tests will be installed to <dir>
                         (default PREFIX/tests)
    -hostbindir <dir> .. Host executables will be installed to <dir>
                         (default HOSTPREFIX/bin)
    -hostlibdir <dir> .. Host libraries will be installed to <dir>
                         (default HOSTPREFIX/lib)
    -hostdatadir <dir> . Data used by qmake will be installed to <dir>
                         (default HOSTPREFIX)
Configure options:
 The defaults (*) are usually acceptable. A plus (+) denotes a default value
 that needs to be evaluated. If the evaluation succeeds, the feature is
 included. Here is a short explanation of each option:
    -release ........... Compile and link Qt with debugging turned off.
 * -debug ............. Compile and link Qt with debugging turned on.
 + -debug-and-release . Compile and link two Qt libraries, with and without
                         debugging turned on.
    -force-debug-info .. Create symbol files for release builds.
    -developer-build ... Compile and link Qt with Qt developer options
                         (including auto-tests exporting)
    -opensource ........ Compile and link the Open-Source Edition of Qt.
    -commercial ........ Compile and link the Commercial Edition of Qt.
    -c++11 ............. Compile Qt with C++11 support enabled.
    -no-c++11 .......... Do not compile Qt with C++11 support enabled.
 * -shared ............ Create and use shared Qt libraries.
    -static ............ Create and use static Qt libraries.
    -ltcg .............. Use Link Time Code Generation. (Release builds only)
 * -no-ltcg ........... Do not use Link Time Code Generation.
    -make <part> ....... Add part to the list of parts to be built at make time
                           libs
                           tools
                           examples
    -nomake <part> ..... Exclude part from the list of parts to be built.
    -skip <module> ..... Exclude an entire module from the build.
    -no-compile-examples Install only the sources of examples.
    -no-widgets ........ Disable Qt Widgets module.
    -no-gui ............ Disable Qt GUI module.
    -no-accessibility .. Disable accessibility support.
     ................... Disabling accessibility is not recommended, as it will
                         break QStyle
                         and may break other internal parts of Qt.
                         With this switch you create a source incompatible
                         version of Qt,
                         which is unsupported.
 * -accessibility ..... Enable accessibility support.
    -no-sql-<driver> ... Disable SQL <driver> entirely, by default none are
                         turned on.
    -qt-sql-<driver> ... Enable a SQL <driver> in the Qt Library.
    -plugin-sql-<driver> Enable SQL <driver> as a plugin to be linked to at run
                         time.
                         Available values for <driver>:
                           mysql
                           psql
                           oci
                           odbc
                           tds
                           db2
 + sqlite
                           sqlite2
                           ibase
                         (drivers marked with a '+' have been detected as
                         available on this system)
    -system-sqlite ..... Use sqlite from the operating system.
    -no-opengl ......... Do not support OpenGL.
    -opengl <api> ...... Enable OpenGL support with specified API version.
                         Available values for <api>:
                           desktop - Enable support for Desktop OpenGL
                           es1 - Enable support for OpenGL ES Common Profile
 * es2 - Enable support for OpenGL ES 2.0
 * -no-openvg ......... Disables OpenVG functionality.
    -openvg ............ Enables OpenVG functionality.
    -force-asserts ..... Activate asserts in release mode.
    -platform <spec> ... The operating system and compiler you are building on.
                         (default %QMAKESPEC%)
    -xplatform <spec> .. The operating system and compiler you are cross
                         compiling to.
                         See the README file for a list of supported operating
                         systems and compilers.
    -sysroot <dir> ..... Sets <dir> as the target compiler's and qmake's
                         sysroot and also sets pkg-config paths.
    -no-gcc-sysroot .... When using -sysroot, it disables the passing of
                         --sysroot to the compiler.
 * -no-nis ............ Do not compile NIS support.
    -nis ............... Compile NIS support.
    -neon .............. Enable the use of NEON instructions.
 * -no-neon ........... Do not enable the use of NEON instructions.
    -no-iconv .......... Do not enable support for iconv(3).
 + -iconv ............. Enable support for iconv(3).
 + -sun-iconv ......... Enable support for iconv(3) using sun-iconv.
 + -gnu-iconv ......... Enable support for iconv(3) using gnu-libiconv.
 + -inotify ........... Explicitly enable Qt inotify(7) support.
    -no-inotify ........ Explicitly disable Qt inotify(7) support.
 + -eventfd ........... Enable eventfd(7) support in the UNIX event loop.
    -no-eventfd ........ Disable eventfd(7) support in the UNIX event loop.
 * -largefile ......... Enables Qt to access files larger than 4 GB.
    -fontconfig ........ Build with FontConfig support.
 * -no-fontconfig ..... Do not build with FontConfig support.
    -posix-ipc ......... Enable POSIX IPC.
    -glib .............. Compile Glib support.
    -sysconfdir <dir> .. Settings used by Qt programs will be looked for in
                         <dir>.
    -system-proxies .... Use system network proxies by default.
 * -no-system-proxies . Do not use system network proxies by default.
 + -warnings-are-errors Make warnings be treated as errors.
    -no-warnings-are-errors Make warnings be treated normally.
    -qtnamespace <name> Wraps all Qt library code in 'namespace name {...}'.
    -qtlibinfix <infix> Renames all Qt* libs to Qt*<infix>.
    -D <define> ........ Add an explicit define to the preprocessor.
    -I <includepath> ... Add an explicit include path.
    -L <librarypath> ... Add an explicit library path.
    -l <libraryname> ... Add an explicit library name, residing in a
                         librarypath.
    -help, -h, -? ...... Display this information.
Third Party Libraries:
    -qt-zlib ........... Use the zlib bundled with Qt.
 + -system-zlib ....... Use zlib from the operating system.
                         See http://www.gzip.org/zlib
    -qt-pcre ........... Use the PCRE library bundled with Qt.
    -system-pcre ....... Use the PCRE library from the operating system.
                         See http://pcre.org/
 + -icu ............... Use the ICU library.
    -no-icu ............ Do not use the ICU library.
                         See http://site.icu-project.org/
    -no-gif ............ Do not compile GIF reading support.
    -no-libpng ......... Do not compile PNG support.
    -qt-libpng ......... Use the libpng bundled with Qt.
 + -system-libpng ..... Use libpng from the operating system.
                         See http://www.libpng.org/pub/png
    -no-libjpeg ........ Do not compile JPEG support.
    -qt-libjpeg ........ Use the libjpeg bundled with Qt.
 + -system-libjpeg .... Use libjpeg from the operating system.
                         See http://www.ijg.org
    -no-freetype ....... Do not compile in Freetype2 support.
 * -qt-freetype ....... Use the libfreetype bundled with Qt.
 * -system-freetype ... Use the libfreetype provided by the system.
 + -angle ............. Use the ANGLE implementation of OpenGL ES 2.0.
    -angle-d3d11 ....... Use the Direct3D 11-based ANGLE implementation of
                         OpenGL ES 2.0.
    -no-angle .......... Do not use ANGLE.
                         See http://code.google.com/p/angleproject/
Qt for Windows only:
    -no-vcproj ......... Do not generate VC++ .vcproj files.
 * -vcproj ............ Generate VC++ .vcproj files, only if platform
                         "win32-msvc.net".
    -no-incredibuild-xge Do not add IncrediBuild XGE distribution commands to
                         custom build steps.
 + -incredibuild-xge .. Add IncrediBuild XGE distribution commands to custom
                         build steps. This will distribute MOC and UIC steps,
                         and other custom buildsteps which are added to the
                         INCREDIBUILD_XGE variable.
                         (The IncrediBuild distribution commands are only added
                         to Visual Studio projects)
    -no-plugin-manifests Do not embed manifests in plugins.
 * -plugin-manifests .. Embed manifests in plugins.
    -no-qmake .......... Do not compile qmake.
 * -qmake ............. Compile qmake.
 * -process ........... Generate only top-level Makefile.
    -fully-process ..... Generate Makefiles/Project files for the entire Qt
                         tree.
    -dont-process ...... Do not generate Makefiles/Project files.
    -no-rtti ........... Do not compile runtime type information.
 * -rtti .............. Compile runtime type information.
    -no-strip .......... Do not strip libraries and executables of debug info
                         when installing.
 * -strip ............. Strip libraries and executables of debug info when
                         installing.
    -no-sse2 ........... Do not compile with use of SSE2 instructions.
 + -sse2 .............. Compile with use of SSE2 instructions.
    -no-sse3 ........... Do not compile with use of SSE3 instructions.
 + -sse3 .............. Compile with use of SSE3 instructions.
    -no-ssse3 .......... Do not compile with use of SSSE3 instructions.
 + -ssse3 ............. Compile with use of SSSE3 instructions.
    -no-sse4.1 ......... Do not compile with use of SSE4.1 instructions.
 + -sse4.1 ............ Compile with use of SSE4.1 instructions.
    -no-sse4.2 ......... Do not compile with use of SSE4.2 instructions.
 + -sse4.2 ............ Compile with use of SSE4.2 instructions.
    -no-avx ............ Do not compile with use of AVX instructions.
 + -avx ............... Compile with use of AVX instructions.
    -no-avx2 ........... Do not compile with use of AVX2 instructions.
 + -avx2 .............. Compile with use of AVX2 instructions.
    -no-openssl ........ Do not compile support for OpenSSL.
 + -openssl ........... Enable run-time OpenSSL support.
    -openssl-linked .... Enable linked OpenSSL support.
    -no-dbus ........... Do not compile in D-Bus support.
 + -dbus .............. Compile in D-Bus support and load libdbus-1
                         dynamically.
    -dbus-linked ....... Compile in D-Bus support and link to libdbus-1.
    -no-audio-backend .. Do not compile in the platform audio backend into
                         Qt Multimedia.
 + -audio-backend ..... Compile in the platform audio backend into Qt
                         Multimedia.
    -no-qml-debug ...... Do not build the in-process QML debugging support.
 * -qml-debug ......... Build the in-process QML debugging support.
 * -no-directwrite .... Do not build support for DirectWrite font rendering.
    -directwrite ....... Build support for DirectWrite font rendering
                         (experimental, requires DirectWrite availability on
                         target systems, e.g. Windows Vista with Platform
                         Update, Windows 7, etc.)
    -no-style-<style> .. Disable <style> entirely.
    -qt-style-<style> .. Enable <style> in the Qt Library.
                         Available styles:
 * windows
 + windowsxp
 + windowsvista
 * fusion
                           windowsce
                           windowsmobile
    -no-native-gestures Do not use native gestures on Windows 7.
 * -native-gestures ... Use native gestures on Windows 7.
 * -no-mp ............. Do not use multiple processors for compiling with MSVC
    -mp ................ Use multiple processors for compiling with MSVC (-MP).
    -loadconfig <config> Run configure with the parameters from file configure_
                         <config>.cache.
    -saveconfig <config> Run configure and save the parameters in file
                         configure_<config>.cache.
    -redo .............. Run configure with the same parameters as last time.
Qt for Windows CE only:
    -no-iwmmxt ......... Do not compile with use of IWMMXT instructions.
 + -iwmmxt ............ Do compile with use of IWMMXT instructions. (Qt for
                         Windows CE on Arm only)
 * -no-crt ............ Do not add the C runtime to default deployment rules.
    -qt-crt ............ Qt identifies C runtime during project generation.
    -crt <path> ........ Specify path to C runtime used for project generation.
    -no-cetest ......... Do not compile Windows CE remote test application.
 + -cetest ............ Compile Windows CE remote test application.
    -signature <file> .. Use <file> for signing the target project.

如要重新 confgure,先运行 nmake confclean

4.3.4 运行 nmake(VS2010)进行编译

4.3.5 运行 nmake install 进行安装

4.3.6 在 VS2010 中配置 Qt,选择编译好的静态库。


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